VTT - Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is a non-profit government organisation under the auspices of the Finnish Ministry of Employment and the Economy. It is a multi-technological research organisation and ranked among the leading European research and technology organisations.
VTT’s activities are focused on three areas: Knowledge intensive products and services, Smart industry and energy systems, and Solutions for natural resources and environment. On the Smart Cities scope VTT has competences on the Energy, ICT and Transport domains and wide experience in crossing these domains into multidisciplinary projects. VTT has a vast experience of working in various EU projects as a partner and as a coordinator. In 2013 alone, VTT was involved in 471 EU-funded research projects.

AIT - Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Austria

The AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria's largest non-university research institute, takes a leading position in the Austrian innovation system in the areas of Energy, Mobility, Health & Environment, Safety & Security as well as Innovation Systems in Austria and a key role in Europe as the RTO focusing on the key infrastructure topics of the future. The Energy Department favours a holistic approach to the environmentally friendly electricity supply, heating and climate control of the buildings and cities of tomorrow.
Using sophisticated measurement technology and innovative simulation tools, its interdisciplinary research teams combine decentralised energy producers, efficient distribution networks and smart buildings with efficient heating and cooling technologies to form a single, sustainable energy system.
The department‘s main priority is to encourage innovation in the energy sector through targeted research and development, thereby helping to shape the energy system of tomorrow.

TNO - Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, the Netherlands

TNO is the largest fully independent Research, Development and Consultancy organisation in the Netherlands with a staff of over 3,800. TNO derives about 30 per cent of its contract R&D from private sector, governments and international organisations. TNO’s primary tasks are to support and assist trade and industry including SME’s, governments and others in technological innovation and in solving problems by rendering services and transferring knowledge and expertise. TNO participates in many EU programmes aiming at technological development. TNO has conducted co-operation agreements with many foreign research institutes and companies in Western, Central and Eastern Europe, USA, Canada, Japan and India. TNO also performs its widely ranging activities in 2 expertise centres one of this being Earth, Environmental, Life and Social Sciences (ELSS). Within the ELSS, the Sustainable Cities team consists of experts that work on urban innovations for the topics of climate mitigation and adaptation, sustainable infrastructure and circular economy.


EUROCITIES brings together over 140 major cities in Europe. Based in Brussels, its secretariat provides a platform for its member cities to share knowledge, ideas and experiences, to analyse common problems and develop innovative solutions, through a wide range of forums, working groups, projects, activities and events. The EUROCITIES Environment, Mobility and Knowledge Society Forums bring together representatives from the environment, transport and ICT departments of its member cities, who follow closely European policies affecting the urban environment and analyse the new trends and opportunities that smart cities offer. EUROCITIES has a Smart Cities Virtual group which clusters city experts from different sectors linked to smart cities in order to consult them on cross-cutting issues. It is also one of the instigators of the EUR Green Digital Charter (, an initiative which commits mayors to use digital technologies to create sustainability gains and energy efficiencies. Since 2008, the initiative has been managed by EUROCITIES Knowledge Society Forum. EUROCITIES is part of the Smart Cities and Communities High level group.

City of Tampere, Finland

Tampere is the third largest city in Finland and the largest inland centre in the Nordic countries. Currently there are 220,446 inhabitants (31.12.2013) in Tampere, and close to half a million inhabitants in Tampere Region, which comprises Tampere and its neighbouring municipalities. Tampere is one of the three most rapidly developing regions in Finland. It is a centre of leading-edge technology, research, education, culture, sports and business.

City of Rotterdam, the Netherlands

Rotterdam is situated in the Rhine-Meuse Delta and accommodates 610,000 inhabitants and 174 different nationalities. Approximately 1,000 foreign companies from all over the world have chosen Rotterdam as their base for European and worldwide business activities. Being the “Gateway to Europe, Rotterdam has a hinterland of 500 million inhabitants. Rotterdam is constantly re-inventing itself. The expected doubling of industrial and port activities by 2030, the western expansion of the port area in the sea by 2,000 hectares, the densification plans for the city centre, the 1,600 hectares of inner city dockland restructuring and pressing socio-economic issues make it very important that sustainability is a high priority and that social, ecological and economic interests are balanced when making decisions and carrying out activities both now and in the future.

City of Vienna, Austria


The Municipal Department 18 – Urban Planning and Development is the strategic urban development department of the City of Vienna. Its work provides the basis for many other departments of the Vienna City Administration and the effects of its work can be felt far outside Vienna. Urban development maintains and generates economic value and contributes substantially to Vienna’s economic prosperity. The tasks of urban development are manifold and require flexibility as well as a knowledge of current trends and comprehensive and forward-looking approaches and strategies. The tasks include urban research, spatial analyses, maintenance of green and public spaces, public relations as well as cross-regional cooperation in the areas of urban and transport planning.

City of Zaragoza, Spain

Zaragoza is the 5th largest city in Spain and the first to create a “Smart City Department” which currently comprises a staff of 15 people. Innovation and sustainable development are key in its strategy Zaragoza 2020. Candidate for the Innovation Capital 2013 and for Green Capital 2016. Zaragoza hosted the International Exhibition “Expo 2008” in the summer of 2008, dedicated to Water and Sustainable Development. 

City of Zagreb, Croatia

The City of Zagreb is the largest city in the Republic of Croatia and the capital. It has 779,145 inhabitants (data from 2001) and comprises an area of 641,355 km2. It is a unit of local administration and at the same time of regional administration at county level. The total number of employees in the city administrative bodies is 2,763. The City Office for Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development is responsible for the following scope of work: energetic and planning of energy development; heating energy and continuously ensuring the distribution of heat energy; energy efficiency in directly consumption; market of gas and development this system on the city's area; sustainable development; renewable energy sources; ecological acceptable fuel; environment protection; air protection; water protection; management of waste; noise protection; maintaining of administrative buildings, installations, equipment and devices.